Waterloo Historical Review http://openjournals.uwaterloo.ca/index.php/whr The Waterloo Historical Review is an annual journal written, edited and published by undergraduate students. The goal of this journal is to celebrate and increase the visibility of the projects being undertaken by undergraduate History students at the University of Waterloo. University of Waterloo en-US Waterloo Historical Review 1916-4181 Journal Information http://openjournals.uwaterloo.ca/index.php/whr/article/view/144 Introductory information about the 9th Edition of the Waterloo Historical Review. Editor-in-Chief Waterloo Historical Review ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-04-25 2017-04-25 9 10.15353/whr.v9.144 About the Authors http://openjournals.uwaterloo.ca/index.php/whr/article/view/145 Short biographies on the authors who were selected for this issue of the Waterloo Historical Review. Editor-in-Chief Waterloo Historical Review ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-04-25 2017-04-25 9 10.15353/whr.v9.145 Editor's Note http://openjournals.uwaterloo.ca/index.php/whr/article/view/146 Introductory comments from the Editor-in-Chief. Editor-in-Chief Waterloo Historical Review ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-04-25 2017-04-25 9 10.15353/whr.v9.146 Mauna Kea -- Construction Site or Sacred Land? A Look at the Long-lasting Effects of the Hawaiian Annexation http://openjournals.uwaterloo.ca/index.php/whr/article/view/147 This essay looks at the development of the Thirty Meter Telescope, and the tensions it has caused between Native Hawaiians and the American government. This paper looks at the contemporary issues, and traces back the history and roots of the conflict to the Annexation of Hawaii in 1898. Emerald Naylor ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-04-25 2017-04-25 9 10.15353/whr.v9.147 Exploiting the Future: The Evolution of Child Labour Laws in Ontario from the Pre-Industrial Period to the 1930s http://openjournals.uwaterloo.ca/index.php/whr/article/view/148 Child labour was not uncommon in the pre-industrial period, yet with industrialization demand for child labour in workplaces other than family farms and contractual apprenticeships rose. In the context of factories, shops and mines, employers had no legal liability for the health and wellness of the children they employed. Legislation emerged to fill this void as early as the 1880s, yet it was poorly enforced. It would only be with the modernization of industry, the rise of wages for skilled labourers, and increasing public consciousness about the value of education that child labour would decrease across the province in the early 20<sup>th</sup> century. Daniel Moholia ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-04-25 2017-04-25 9 10.15353/whr.v9.148 Résistants & Résistantes http://openjournals.uwaterloo.ca/index.php/whr/article/view/149 This paper explores men and women "Résistants" in France during the Second World War. Six fighters are profiled in order to distinguish both the defining elements of a resistance fighter and the differences between male and female roles in the movement. Phoenicia Kempel ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-04-25 2017-04-25 9 10.15353/whr.v9.149 Housewives, Slaves, and Indigenous Peoples: Hybridity in the Diet of the American Frontier http://openjournals.uwaterloo.ca/index.php/whr/article/view/150 This paper examines hybridity in the diet of colonial United States, and investigates how both Indigenous Americans and African slaves contributed to American cuisine. Considerable attention is given to the female experience, and the important role that women played in facilitating this cultural exchange. The research draws on many primary sources including cookbooks published during the colonial era. Duncan Smith ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-04-25 2017-04-25 9 10.15353/whr.v9.150 The Role of Sources in Historical Memory: Evacuee Children of Second World War Britain http://openjournals.uwaterloo.ca/index.php/whr/article/view/151 <p>Was the evacuation program for British children during the Second World War a success or a failure? This paper analyses how various types of sources, each with their own strengths and weaknesses, provide different answers to this question, and ultimately impact how the evacuations take shape in public memory.</p> Sarah Oeste ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-04-25 2017-04-25 9 10.15353/whr.v9.151 Medical Advancements of the United States Civil War http://openjournals.uwaterloo.ca/index.php/whr/article/view/152 This paper looks at the correlation between the events of the American Civil War and the modernization process of medicine and medical care both domestically and worldwide. The author examined various areas, such as sanitation, medical innovations, the architecture and administration of hospitals, nursing, and public attitude towards medicine in order to formulate the thesis. Christine Wilson ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-04-25 2017-04-25 9 10.15353/whr.v9.152 Subversive as Hell: Political Satire in the Work of Dr. Seuss http://openjournals.uwaterloo.ca/index.php/whr/article/view/153 This paper is an analysis of the political satire and historical forces at play in the work of children's author Dr. Seuss. Martha Brennan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-04-25 2017-04-25 9 10.15353/whr.v9.153 Nuclear Nihilism, Creating the Soviet Dead Hand: A Necessary Evil http://openjournals.uwaterloo.ca/index.php/whr/article/view/154 This paper discusses the development of the Soviet nuclear strategic control and command system, called Perimeter. The paper sources from first hand accounts and secondary research, in order to explain the Soviet rationale for creating Perimeter. Such an explanation is useful, as from our perspective, it may be difficult to understand why a government would be willing to construct what is essentially a doomsday system. Perimeter itself is a "fail-deadly," system, meaning that should the system detect a nuclear attack on Russia, it will automatically or semi-automatically (depending on the setting) order the launch of Russia's land-based nuclear arsenal, securing retaliation, even if the normal Russian command leadership is knocked out in a nuclear decapitation. Ultimately, the paper argues that the Soviet leadership had considerable reason to implement Perimeter. Ezra K. Beudot ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2017-04-25 2017-04-25 9 10.15353/whr.v9.154