Friedman Meets Hayek on Money and Prices in Canada

  • Kam Hon Chu Memorial University of Newfoundland


Though both classical liberals, Friedman adopted the quantity theory of money and used the general price indexes and aggregate data in empirical analysis, whereas Hayek rejected aggregative analyses as potentially misleading and focused on the impact of money on relative prices in his business cycle theory. This study shows theoretically that when the central bank minimizes the monetary shock to maintain stability in the general price level, it also maintains simultaneously relative price stability, thus narrowing the divergence between Friedman and Hayek. This finding is empirically verified by Canada’s experience with inflation targeting since 1991