Ethnic Inequality and Anti-authoritarianism in Sub-Saharan Africa
Keywords:Ethnic inequality, Wealth inequality, anti-authoritarianism, democratic support, sub-Saharan Africa
Is ethnic inequality associated with aversion to authoritarian regimes and increase support for democracy as a means of influencing redistribution? Using four rounds of Afrobarometer panel data, covering 29 African countries and 353 distinct ethnic groups, and an ordered logistic model, we show that a rise in Between-ethnic inequality (BGI) is associated with an increase support for anti-authoritarianism and that its effects strengthen as Within-ethnic inequality (WGI) decreases. We find that individuals most strongly support democracy when ethnic identity is reinforced by economic inequality. We also show that support for a change of regime is reinforced when some ethnic groups believe they are politically excluded from government.
Copyright (c) 2022 Karim Nchare, Moses Ogeny
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The Review of Economic Analysis is committed to the open exchange of ideas and information.
Unlike traditional print journals which require the author to relinquish copyright to the publisher, The Review of Economic Analysis requires that authors release their work under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial license. This license allows anyone to copy, distribute and transmit the work provided the use is non-commercial and appropriate attribution is given.
A 'human-readable' summary of the licence is here and the full legal text is here.