An Inquiry into Community Members’ Use and Attitudes toward Technology in Mishkeegogamang Tepacimowin Networks


  • Connie Gray-McKay
  • Kerri L. Gibson University of New Brunswick
  • Susan O'Donnell The National Research Council
  • The People of Mishkeegogamang



Information and Communication Technologies, Community Perspectives, Service Delivery, Community Development


Mishkeegogamang First Nation is a rural Ojibway community in Northwestern Ontario. Mishkeegogamang community members of all ages use a wide array of information and communication technologies (ICT) as tools in daily life, and as a means to support individual and community goals. This collaborative paper tells the story of how Mishkeegogamang uses ICT for community development, drawing on 17 interviews with community members, and several community member profiles. A basic descriptive quantitative analysis is also provided, giving information on frequency of use of a wide variety of technologies. Community informatics theory guides the interpretation of the findings.

A broad range of ICT use by community members will be explored, including the Mishkeegogamang website, the busy yet invisible use of social networking sites, youth and ICT, ICT for health and education, and ICT to support traditional activities. Finally, a section on challenges and needs for facilitating ICT use is also provided.

Mishkeegogamang has collaborated on a rich chronicle of its land and people in the Mishkeegogamang book: The Land, the People, and the Purpose (Heinrichs, Hiebert, & The People of Mishkeegogamang, 2009). This paper is conceptualised as a new chapter, documenting how community members use ICT in their daily lives and for community development. There have been no similar past explorations that have addressed this area. In addition, within the broader literature on First Nations in Canada, there have been few to no published accounts of community members’ perspectives and uses of ICT.

This study is part of a broader collaborative research project called (First Nations Innovation), which explores how remote and rural First Nations are using information and communication technologies for community development.

Author Biographies

Connie Gray-McKay

Chief of Mishkeegogamang Ojibway Nation.

Kerri L. Gibson, University of New Brunswick

PhD student in Clinical Psychology, Researcher on the VideoCom team (

Susan O'Donnell, The National Research Council

Susan is a senior research officer at the National Research Council (NRC) Institute of Information Technology on the UNB campus. She is also an adjunct professor in the Department of Sociology at UNB.