Information and Communication Technology for Education in an Algonquin First Nation in Quebec

  • Emily Lockhart York University
  • Anita Tenasco Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg First Nation
  • Tim Whiteduck First Nations Education Council
  • Susan O'Donnell University of New Brunswick
Keywords: Access, Education, Indigenous, First Nations, Learning


Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg First Nation is an innovative rural community in Quebec. Located 130 kilometers north of Ottawa, it is the closest First Nation to the Canadian capital. In both population and territory, Kitigan Zibi is the largest of the ten Algonquin communities. Broadband connectivity and information and communication technologies (ICT) are important to the community and incorporated into everyday operations. This paper explores the use of technology in the education sector in Kitigan Zibi, in particular the situation of having technology readily available at school and less so at home. This transition from a technology-filled classroom to limited or no ICT access at home is a challenge, not only for individual students and their families but also for the community as a whole.

Author Biographies

Emily Lockhart, York University
PhD Candidate
Anita Tenasco, Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg First Nation
Education Director, KZA
Tim Whiteduck, First Nations Education Council
Director of Technologies, First Nations Education Council
Susan O'Donnell, University of New Brunswick
Researcher and Adjunct Professor, Department of Sociology